There are five major types of site inspections

  • One of the most important aspects of managing construction loan risk is to ensure that invoiced work is aligned with the project's timeline and budget. In addition, the work should be completed in accordance with the building code and consumer expectations. Many construction lenders do not have the necessary time or experience to evaluate the quality of the work performed by the builder. That's why it's critical to understand what to look for during third-party construction inspections, which are an essential component of a successful construction loan management program.

    A construction site inspection definition is best described as a review of construction work and progress to ensure that the project is in compliance with the construction plans provided and that it takes into consideration the size, worth, and essential items outlined in the plans. Third-party inspectors are certified and experienced in mechanical and electrical codes, legal issues in construction During Production Inspection, concrete and masonry, and structural integrity. We'll go over some of the elements of a construction site inspection report after we've gone over the different types of inspections and the stages that a third-party inspector goes through to complete a report.

    There are several types of inspections.
    There are five major types of site inspections, including new construction home inspections, subdivision inspections, multifamily inspections, commercial inspections, and site development inspections, which deal with in-ground utilities, roads, signs and lights, sound barriers, gates, and common areas such as parks and parking lots. In addition, site development inspections are frequently carried out in conjunction with the other types of inspections.

    Inspector's Workflow
    So, what are the steps that an inspector will take to ensure that the project is running smoothly and in accordance with the construction plan, as well as to create a detailed report?

    First and foremost, the inspector will receive a copy of the draw package, which will request payment from the borrower, the contractor, or the bank. After obtaining all of the necessary documentation, the inspector will review the draw records, both past and present, in order to gain a thorough understanding of the current state of the project – including the timeframe, the construction schedule, and the scope of work completed thus far.

    After reviewing the documents, the next step is to conduct an on-site pre shipment inspection china of the construction site. The inspector uses a construction site inspection checklist to examine and verify the progress of the mechanical, plumbing, and electrical phases of the project, as well as an assessment of framing, roofing, drywall, sheathing, and other aspects of the building. The inspector will then submit a construction site quality control report, which will either confirm or disprove the viability and accuracy of the draw request. In addition, the inspector will include funding recommendations in the report.

    In some cases, a construction dispute inspection may be required, in which case a third-party inspector is called upon to produce an unbiased report that will settle any disputes that may arise between contractors, lenders, and customers.

    The top eight items for construction loan managers to look for in third-party inspection reports are as follows:
    First and foremost, photographs of the project's completion to date should be obtained and checked for accuracy. The lender must first confirm that the inspector visited the correct construction site (yes, mistakes like this can occur) and then compare photos taken during the inspection to previous drawings to determine whether or not tangible progress has been made.

    The second step is to go over the hard costs and retainage balances. This review assists the lender in determining whether the project costs to date are consistent with the original contract sum and whether they appear reasonable in light of prior requests and disbursements. The lender will also look to see if the retainage percentage (for example, 10%) corresponds to the amount of money that has been agreed upon so far. While conducting a funding analysis, the lender will look for any significant input errors between the draw funding line items and the G702, as well as ensuring that the provided receipts are correctly associated with the project and tallied to confirm the total. It is critical that the lender examines loan-specific thresholds for percent complete versus percent invoiced.

    Next, examine the percentage of the project that has been completed to date, as well as the percentage of contingency funds that have been used. The lender should review the list of prior draw requests to see the percent completed over time, keeping an eye out for an increasing percent completed each period. When it comes to contingency funding, most construction projects use a rate between 5 percent and 10 percent of the total budget to determine contingency. Typically, that sum will be sufficient to cover any unexpected expenses that may arise. As a result, it is critical to review the line item for contingency to ensure that the appropriate amount is set aside at the appropriate stage of the project.

    Following that, a review of current hard cost revisions based on change orders assists in: a) determining whether the costs associated with the change order match the original change order; b) determining whether a change in scope of work has occurred; and c) determining how these changes affect the overall budget and timeline. It is critical that the change order corresponds to the nature of the work before dispatching the inspector to the job site.

    If a project is running behind schedule, it is critical to determine by how many weeks it is behind schedule and to review the funding schedule line chart, which shows both ahead of schedule and behind schedule funding. When a project is running behind schedule, calculating the interest reserves allows the construction loan manager to determine whether or not there is enough interest to pay out if the project runs over its scheduled completion date.

    Are there any materials from the G703 document that require a long lead time or that are stored off-site? Stored materials are items that have been purchased in advance and are kept either on the project site or at a different "off-site" location. You can think of off-site stored materials as anything that the builder cannot simply run down to Home Depot and pick up because it is specific and customized to the project. They include items such as framing materials, roof trusses, custom timbers or beams, HVAC equipment, and custom windows, all of which should be safely stored in an insured facility close to the project site.

    Is there enough money left in the budget (including retainage) to finish the project? In order to determine this, the list of prior draw requests, the amount approved, the retainage percent, the percent requests, and the percent complete should be reviewed to determine if the percent completed each period is increasing and matches the overall scheduled project timeline.

    When determining the lien release status, it is necessary to ensure that lien releases correspond to the stage of the construction process at which they were issued. If $1Million has been raised, you'll need a release, either conditional or unconditional, to bring the account balance up to that amount. This status check is performed in order to reduce the possibility of any missing liens slipping through the cracks. It is also necessary to determine whether or not the general contractor has provided an unconditional lien release from prior draw requests, with language stating that the general contractor has paid all obligations relating to those payment applications.
    Finally, I would like to say

    Performing a third-party construction site inspection is extremely important, regardless of the nature and scope of the construction project. A highly skilled and certified third-party inspector is an essential resource because he or she can vouch for the work that has been completed and deliver a detailed construction inspection report that both identifies and helps to move the project forward. Understanding how to read and interpret the report is a critical construction loan management skill.